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Who Can Vision Therapy Help?

The following provides information about some of the many conditions which can be positively affected by Vision Therapy:

Eye Movements

Eye movements are critical to most everything we do, from keeping our place while reading to catching a ball to parking our car. There are many types of eye movements, including smooth pursuits, hopping movements called saccades, and fixation. Optometric vision therapy works to improve all of them.


Amblyopia is the big word that means one eye doesn't see as clearly as the other, even while wearing glasses or contact lenses, and in the absence of eye disease. Amblyopia is usually the result of one eye needing a stronger glasses prescription than the other or one eye turning in a different direction than the other or a combination of the two.

Traumatic Brain Injury

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) describes inflammation in the brain as a result of an injury or illness. A concussion is always a TBI, though not all TBI's are concussions. Some may be due to inflammation such as from "Long COVID" or from a whiplash type injury.

Learning-Related Vision

When vision interferes with learning, the condition results in a learning-related vision challenge. Learning-related vision problems can be due to convergence insufficiency, eye movement issues, amblyopia, strabismus, TBI, double vision, or any combination thereof. 

Convergence Insufficiency

Convergence insufficiency occurs when both eyes aren't pointing to the same place while looking up close. This causes someone to either see double or else ignore one image which may result in losing place to read, skipping words or lines, and eye fatigue.


Strabismus is the umbrella term used when when eye doesn't look in the same direction as the other one, either some of the time or all of the time. One eye might look higher or lower than the other, inward or outward, or a combination of the two. Esotropia describes and inward turn. Exotropia is an outward turn. Hypertropia is an upward turn and hypotropia is a downward turn. 


Diplopia is the big word that means a person is seeing a double image. Diplopia can occur when each eye is looking in a different direction, as in strabismus (see above). Diplopia can also occur within just one eye due to a cataract or an injury or disease of the cornea.

Sports Vision Improvement

Because vision guides our action, athletic performance relies on clear sight, healthy eyes, and excellent binocular vision skills! By maximizing eye movement ability, peripheral awareness, depth perception, clarity of sight, and visual perceptual skills, athletes can improve performance!

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